Istilah Navigasi Kapal

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Istilah Navigasi Kapal

1. AIS

Automatic Identification System


Automated Mutual-Assistance Vessel Rescue System: a worldwide voluntary system operated exclusively to support SAR and to make information available to all RCCs


Admiralty Raster Chart Service: electronic raster charts produced by the United Kingdom Hydrographic Office


Automatic Radar Plotting Aid

4. ASF

Additional Secondary Factor: corrections to be applied when plotting Loran C positions on charts to take into account variations in the conductivity of the earth’s surface over which the signals pass

5. ATA

Automatic Tracking Aid: electronic plotting device or radars

6. CES

Coast Earth Station: maritime name for an INMARSAT shore-based station linking ship earth tations with terrestrial communication networks


Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972, as amended


A satellite system designed to detect distress beacons transmitting on the frequency 406 MHz


A datum is a reference system for specifying positions on the earth’s surface. Each datum is associated with a particular reference spheroid that can be different in size, orientation and relative position from the spheroids associated with other horizontal datums. Positions referred to different datums can differ by several hundred metres

10. DGPS

Differential Global Positioning System (see GNSS)

11. DOC

Document of Compliance issued to the ship operator under the ISM Code

12. DP

Dynamic Positioning: the ability of a ship to maintain automatically a pre-set position and heading by using her own propellers and thrusters

13. DPO

Dynamic Positioning Operator, usually a bridge watchkeeper

14. DSC

Digital Selective Calling: a technique using digital codes which enable a radio station to establish contact with, and transfer information to, another station or group of stations

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15. EBL

Electronic Bearing Line: a radar feature


Electronic Chart Display and Information System

17. ECS

Electronic Chart System

18. EGC

Enhanced Group Call: part of the INMARSAT system that complements the NAVTEX system to supply SafetyNET and similar information broadcast services

19. ENC

Electronic Navigational Chart

20. EP

Estimated Position

21. EPA

Electronic Plotting Aid: electronic plotting device for radars


Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon: a device that transmits distress alerting signals usually via satellites


Floating Production, Storage and Offloading/Floating Gas Storage Offloading ship/vessel or unit: an oil/gas production facility


Global Navigation Satellite System (see GNSS)


Global Maritime Distress and Safety System: a global communications service based upon automated systems, both satellite and terrestrial, to provide distress alerting and promulgation of maritime safety information for mariners

26. GNSS

Global Navigation Satellite System: a worldwide position and time determination system that includes one or more satellite constellations and receivers

27. GOC

General Operator’s Certificate: a GMDSS radio operator’s certificate for use on ships trading beyond GMDSS Sea Area A1. This is now usually incorporated into the STCW qualifications of deck officers at the operational level.

27. GPS

Global Positioning System (see GNSS)

29. HF

High Frequency

30. HPR

Hydroacoustic Position Reference: a PRS often used in conjunction with DP, configured with sea-floor acoustic transponders


International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue Manual: published in three volumes jointly by ICAO and IMO

32. IBS

Integrated Bridge System

33. ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization: Montreal based United Nations intergovernmental body


International Hydrographic Organization: Monaco based intergovernmental body

34. ILO

International Labour Organization: Geneva based United Nations intergovernmental body, responsible for seafarers’ employment standards

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35. IMO

International Maritime Organization: London based United Nations intergovernmental body, responsible for the safety of life at sea, including navigational rules, and the protection of the marine environment


Telegraphy system for broadcasting marine weather forecasts, navigational warnings, SAR alerts and other warnings and urgent information to ships in coastal waters (up to 400 nautical miles) under the WWNWS

37. NBDP

Narrow-Band Direct Printing telegraphy used for radiotelex and NAVTEX

38. NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: United States producer of electronic raster charts

39. OOW

Officer of the Watch

40. PRS

Position Reference System: a navigational sensor (e.g. DGPS) used in conjunction with a DP system

42. RCC

Rescue Co-ordination Centre: a unit responsible for promoting the efficient organisation of SAR services and for co-ordinating the conduct of SAR operations within a SAR region

43. RCDS

Raster Chart Display System

44. RENC

Regional Electronic Navigational Chart Co-ordinating Centre: supplier of official chart data

45. RNC

Raster Navigational Chart

46. ROC

Restricted Operator’s Certificate: a GMDSS radio operator’s certificate for use on ships trading only in GMDSS Sea Area A1 R/T Radio Telephony S-57 Edition 3 IHO’s latest transfer standard for digital hydrographic data for use with ECDIS

47. SafetyNET

INMARSAT service for promulgating MSI to ships on the high seas; it includes shore-to-ship relays of distress alerts and communications for SAR co-ordination

48. SAR

Search and Rescue/International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue, 1979, as amended

49. SART

Search and Rescue Transponder: a portable radar transponder for use in survival craft, which transmits homing signals in the 9 GHz band

50. SENC

System Electronic Navigational Chart: a database that comprises ENC data, ENC updates and other data added by the mariner that is accessed by, and displayed on, the ECDIS

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51. SES

Ship Earth Station: shipborne satellite communication station, used for exchanging messages with shore subscribers and ships

52. SMCP

Standard Marine Communication Phrases: an updated version of SMNV that includes phrases that have been developed to cover the most important safety-related fields of verbal communications

53. SMNV

Standard Marine Navigational Vocabulary: adopted by IMO for communications on board ship as well as for those between ship and shore


Shipboard Marine Pollution Emergency Plan

55. SMS

Safety Management System under the ISM Code


International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended


Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan

58. STCW

International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended STCW Code Seafarers’ Training, Certification and Watchkeeping Code, appended to the STCW Convention

59. S-VDR

Simplified Voyage Data Recorder

60. TMC

Transmitting Magnetic Compass

61. UMS

Unmanned Machinery Space

62. VDR

Voyage Data Recorder

63. VRM

Variable Range Marker: a radar feature

64. VTS

Vessel Traffic Services

65. WEND

World Electronic Navigational Chart Database

66. WGS84

World Geodetic System 1984 datum

67. WMO

World Meteorological Organization: Geneva based United Nations intergovernmental body


World-Wide Navigational Warning Service: established by IMO in collaboration with IHO for the dissemination of navigational warnings to ships


World-Wide Radio Navigation System: terrestrial and satellite radio-navigation systems that have been accepted by IMO as capable of providing adequate position information to an unlimited number of ships

70. XTE

Cross Track Error

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Saya bekerja di sebuah perusahaan Marine Service di Batam, aktivitas saya setiap hari selain melakukan kegiatan pokok di perusahaan juga menulis di blog, membangun web. Saya nge-blog sejak 2009 dan merupakan hobi sekaligus saya berbagi pengalaman.

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